Prenatal care is the care that receives from a health care provider, such as a doctor or midwife, during pregnancy. During prenatal care visits the health care provider will make sure the developing foetus are healthy and strong.
These regular check-ups are the chance to learn how to manage the discomforts of pregnancy. The regular require testing would learn warning signs and clear the doubts of begin prenatal care about the pregnant.During first prenatal care visit the height, weight, blood pressure, breathing, and pulse would be measured. Usually, gynaecological exam will include a breast exam, a pap test, tests for chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
They may also offer blood or skin tests to check for anaemia including sickle cell anaemia, blood type, and certain inherited diseases, such as Gaucher’s and Tay-Sachs, cystic fibrosis, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, rubella, syphilis, thalassemia and tuberculosis and urine tests to check for diabetes or other infections.
The most important things that pregnant woman need to take folic acid, vitamin B every day to prevent serious birth defects. During follow-prenatal care visits, the other tests may to test, such as urine check, blood pressure, weight check, swelling in the face, hands and feet, examine the abdomen for the position of the foetus, the growth of uterus measurement and the sounds of the foetal heartbeat.
The other prenatal available testing is used to make sure that mothers health and the foetus is doing well. Some tests identify possible birth defects. Some common prenatal tests for birth defects and other abnormalities include ultrasound, multiple marker screening, CVS- chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis.
Another common test is the biophysical profile (BPP) is most commonly given during the third trimester. The BPP uses ultrasound combined with a foetal monitor to observe foetal heartbeat and movement and allows mothers health care to evaluate the well-being of the foetus. For that reason the prenatal care can help prevent complications and inform women about important steps they can take to protect their infant and ensure a healthy pregnancy.