Stem cell research has helped in curing many life-threatening diseases. The use of these cells is limitless; they have the ability to regenerate themselves for curing the withered cells in any affected area in the human body.
With the increase use of these cells, there are many questions regarding the difference between cord blood cells and bone marrow cells. Here is the comparison between these two types of cells:
In cord blood donation, there are no medical complications ever faced by the mother or the child. The cells are collected from umbilical cord blood within minutes after the delivery process, without any pain to either the child or the mother. Whereas, in case of bone marrow stem cell extraction, a small surgery is done under general anesthesia. In this procedure, the donor experiences some level discomfort or pain.
In bone marrow cell transplants, the engraftment process is rapid, whereas cord blood cells take a longer time to engraft due to which the patient has to stay in the hospital for a longer period of time.
Cord blood stem cells can be stored for years in special freezers, whereas no viable long term storage process has been developed for storing bone marrow cells.
Bone marrow donors are available for donating blood cells for T-cells, in case of emergency. In case of cord blood cells, this is not possible.
For cord blood transplantations, a minute amount of stem cells are used as per the weight of the patient, whereas bone marrow cells are required in a very large amount for such purposes.
Latent viral infections are also a very common faced by bone marrow transplantation patients; however, in cord blood transplants patients, this is very rare.
If a perfect match is found in cord blood cells, then transplants can be done within a few days after undergoing some basic preliminary tests. In case of bone marrow cells, it can take two or more months for transplants, even if the donor is available.
In case of bone marrow transplants, there are risks of transferring unrecognized genetic diseases. It can affect the blood or the immune system of the patient. But, no such risks are involved in the case of stem cells extracted from umbilical cord blood.
My cord, the best stem cell bank in Gurgaon has the best state of the art facilities required for storage of cord blood. This investment now can prove to be a lifesaving decision in the future as stem cells harvested from the cord blood can be used for treatment of over 80+ diseases