Researchers have been studying stem cells since the late 1800’s for their role in medical science but it has very recently come to light how beneficial and integral stem cells are to us. Stem cells are immature and undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can even divide to make more stem cells. Stem cells have the ability to heal themselves and also divide further into more cells and secondly, they should possess the ability to specialize into different kinds of cells that can adapt to different organs i.e. a stem cell can function as a brain cell or a lung cells depending onto what kinds of cells it specializes into. The two kinds of stem cells present are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells are matured stem cells that can be found in bone marrow and blood tissues. The method of separating stem cells from adults is usually costly and more invasive. Embryonic stem cells can be found in the umbilical cord at the time of birth and the process of collecting and storing cord blood is noninvasive and easy.
Private cord blood banking has been proven advantageous over other alternatives like public cord blood banking and bone marrow transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation is a highly invasive procedure which is painful to the donor. Bone marrow stem cells are comparatively matured and so are difficult to mold into other roles whereas cells found in the cord blood are relatively younger and because they are still getting adapted to their various roles and functions scientists believe that the stem cells obtained from cord blood may have much more potential in medical treatments as compared to stem cells obtained from bone marrow.
For stem cells to undergo a successful transplantation, they must be a match with the receiver. There is fair chance of finding a matched stem cells in a public database but the prospect of finding a match is low and complications can arise with unrelated blood transfusions. Stem cells which have a genetic match with a family which is related by blood. In addition to being better accepted by the body, cord blood stem cells have significantly reduced risk of post-transplant graft versus host disease. Part of this better acceptance by the body is because cord blood stem cells have rarely been contaminated with latent viruses. The same is not true for stem cells from other sources. For this reason, cord blood stem cells have been dubbed “privileged” because they haven’t been exposed to any diseases. My cord, the best cord blood bank in Gurgaon lets you store cord blood for up to 35 years at an affordable price so you can protect your family from 80+ diseases.